OLD-COMPUTERS.COM : The Museum

Estelle Sidler

ZX81 T-shirts! ZX Spectrum T-shirts! Ready prompt T-shirts! Arcade cherry T-shirts! Spiral program T-shirts! Atari joystick T-shirts! Battle Zone T-shirts! Vectrex ship T-shirts! Moon Lander T-shirts! Competition Pro Joystick T-shirts! C64 maze generator T-shirts! Elite spaceship […]



ZX81 T-shirts!

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ZX Spectrum T-shirts!

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Ready prompt T-shirts!

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Arcade cherry T-shirts!

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Spiral program T-shirts!

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Atari joystick T-shirts!

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Battle Zone T-shirts!

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Vectrex ship T-shirts!

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Moon Lander T-shirts!

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Competition Pro Joystick T-shirts!

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C64 maze generator T-shirts!

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Elite spaceship t-shirt T-shirts!

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Atari ST bombs T-shirts!

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Pak Pak Monster T-shirts!

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BASIC code T-shirts!

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Breakout T-shirts!

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Vector ship T-shirts!

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Pixel adventure T-shirts!

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Welcome to old-computers.com, the most popular website for old computers.
Have a trip down memory lane re-discovering your old computer, console or software you used to have.

There are actually 1247 systems in the museum.

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   LATEST ADDITIONS



RCA Fred 2
This Fred 2 computer is a prototype designed by Joseph Weisbecker, engineer at RCA. He already imagined several early computer designs before this Fred 2 model, such as the System 00 or the original Fred concept.

Fred is rather a concept imagined by Joseph Weisbecker for educational computer able to play games. This concept emerged in several hardware versions through time. The first models could be dates as early as 1970 or 1971 !

Unlike the System 00 which used only small-scale digital T…



BANDAI TV Jack 5000
The TV Jack 5000 from Bandai released in 1978 is one of the first cartridge based system from Japan.

It’s the equivalent of european and american systems like the Hanimex SD-050, Acetronic Color TV Game, Prinztronic Micro 5500, SHG Blackpoint, Binatone Cablestar, Radofin telesports, etc. There have been tons of systems like these.

The TV Jack 5000, like all these systems, use cartridges based on General Instruments chipsets which offers different games on each chip. That’s why all these sy…



OLIVETTI  A5
Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 – which was probably the world’s first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of “office computers”. The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version.

The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second…



TRIUMPH ADLER  TA-1600
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the “Hannover-Messe” by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general.

Triumph Adler’s hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology).

Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w…



MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards.

In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe…



RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany).

It’s equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu.

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Contributors : Incog



BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany.

They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc.

There were several models in the 7000 serie….



PERTEC PCC 2000
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976.

The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8″ floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads.

The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has…


   RANDOM SYSTEMS



TOSHIBA  HX-20 / HX-21 / Pasopia IQ
This is a classic MSX 1 computer, quite similar to the HX-10, except that the shape is different and there are two cartridge slots.

Its special feature seems to be a primitive word processor software built-in ROM. You need a separate Kanji ROM cartridge for it to work.

Does someone know the other differences?

In its native country (Japan), the HX-20 was also named Pasopia IQ to fit in the Pasopia family developped b…



SINCLAIR  ZX 81
The Sinclair ZX 81 was the successor of the ZX 80, and can be regarded as an evolution of it.

The ZX80 could not handle floating point numbers or cassette data files, but the ZX-81 could. The ZX-80 had 4k ROM : the ZX-81 had 8K ROM with 30 additional functions and some instructions to drive the printer. Thanks to a higher level of integrations (the total number of chips in the basic system was 4, against the ZX80’s 21), the ZX-81 cost 30 less than the ZX-80. …


ORIC ORIC 1
This British computer was one of the most popular computers in Europe in the beginning of the 80’s. It was a small computer, which was a competitor of the Sinclair Spectrum.

The two models (16 and 48) had the same technical characteristics.
A small plotter was available for this computer.

Notice that the sound chip was the same one used in the Amstrad CPC, MSX computers and



CASIO  PB-700
The PB-700 was the best pocket computer of its time. It was the first to offer a 4×20 LCD screen, better than Sharp pockets !…



KENBAK COMPUTER COMPANY Kenbak-1
The Kenbak-1 is considered by many to be the world’s first “Personal Computer.” The Computer History Museum granted it this designation when they were still located in Boston in 1986. More specifically, the machine represents the first commercially available Von Neumann (stored program) computing device intended and priced for personal use.

John V. Blankenbaker designed the Kenbak-1 and marketed in the pages of Scientific American in 1971. The machine’s name was taken from the middle of John…



FRANKLIN  ACE 2000
The ACE 2000 series consisted of three computers the 2000, 2100, and the 2200.
The 2000 had no disk drives, the 2100 had one disk drive, and the 2200 had
two disk drives. All featured a detachable keyboard, the same 1.02 MHz
65SC02 processor, the usual scattering of expansion slots around the motherboard
and the half-height case.

Graphics modes and sound capabilities were in line with the Apple ][e. On the front panel,
it had a row of …



VIDEO TECHNOLOGY  LASER 128 / 128EX / 128EX2
The Laser 128 EX is the successor of the Laser 3000. Like the 3000, it is fully compatible with the Apple II computer, but has enhanced features.

Video Technology designed its own Apple II compatible ROM (Apple lost a lawsuit challenging it), this ROM holds an Applesoft compatible version of the BASIC.
The “Open Apple” and “Closed Apple” keys have been replaced with “Open Triangle” and “Closed Triangle” keys.

The 128EX/2’s V…



SORD  M23 Mark III
The Sord M23 Mark III was available with 12″ green monitor or a 14″ color monitor.

Despite the M23 featured a cartridge port, all of its important software came on floppies, including the ground-breaking PIPS-III and several BASIC compiler variants developed by Sord and running on their own OS. A lot of good business software and games were written with these.

There were later Mark systems released, including a Mark I with the world’s first 3.5 inch floppies deployed, and the Mark V with e…


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